New research from consulting company Capgemini indicates a significant step in enterprise cloud adoption through the increased use of cloud-native applications - applications and services built to perform optimally in the cloud, leveraging Platform as a Service (PaaS).
Driven by the recognition that cloud-native applications can enable IT to better contribute to business agility and innovation, 15% of new enterprise applications are cloud-native today with adoption set to increase rapidly in the next three years, jumping to 32% by 2020.
“This is an exciting shift in our industry,” says Capgemini cloud and cybersecurity group Leader Franck Greverie.
“We predict that cloud-native architectures will become the default option for customer-facing applications by 2020, driven by a need to continuously deploy innovations at an accelerated pace and enhance the customer experience.
“Businesses that delay adopting this approach will struggle to make up the gap with cloud-native competitors.”
The study of more than 900 senior professionals working in both IT and the wider business, from 11 countries across Europe, the Americas and Australia, attributes this shift in cloud adoption to a desire to improve business agility (74%), increase collaboration with external partners (70%) and deliver better customer experiences (67%).
“Organisations need to listen to their CIOs and understand the potential of cloud-native technology to deliver business benefits and innovation.
“CIOs must also address culture and skills gaps within their own organisations on the road to being cloud-native leaders.”
It identifies a small group of ‘leader’ organisations that are already committing to cloud-native applications – those with more than 20% of their new enterprise applications developed in this way – with these leaders almost twice as likely to report increases in organisational revenues attributable to cloud-native applications than slower adopters (84% vs 44%).
Cloud-native leaders also:
· Are more likely to describe their approach to software development as agile (69% to 37%), deployment as automated (78% to 46%), and DevOps teams as integrated (69% to 38%)
· Display a more growth-focused attitude towards IT functions, with improving the customer experience (90%), business agility (87%) and scalability (85%) viewed as higher priorities than reducing costs (79%)
As adoption increases, CIOs at organisations leveraging or planning to leverage cloud-native applications expect IT to become even more central to supporting business ambitions, including the development of new business models (67%), rapid scaling of the business (72%), quicker updating of products/services (71%) and adopting new routes to market (68%).
However, many CIOs are facing challenges in building business cases to invest in cloud-native apps from business leaders that see cost reduction as the priority for IT teams.
These challenges range from the organisational, including battling an ingrained culture that is opposed to the nature of cloud-native working (65%) and a skills shortage when developing cloud-native apps (70%), to the technical, such as difficulties integrating with legacy infrastructure (62%) and being locked into vendor contracts (58%).
Digital Challengers Drive Sector Disruption
Just over a quarter of high-tech firms (26%) and almost a third of manufacturing firms (29%) are cloud-native leaders, compared with just 11% of banking providers, 18% of insurers and 22% of consumer products, retail and distribution (CPRD) firms.
Priorities are changing as a result of the digital challengers: banks now build 10% of their new applications using a cloud-native approach, while almost half of insurers (47%) and almost one-third of CPRD firms (27%) say that cloud-native forms a core part of their technology strategies.
All three groups – banks, insurers and CPRD firms – plan to spend considerably more on PaaS in three years than they do today (41%, 44% and 41% respectively).
Building a Cloud-Native Business
A clear roadmap to cloud—including the move to cloud-native application development—can dramatically improve the reputation across the business of IT, and therefore the CIO by extension.
The report offers six recommendations to help CIOs turn their organisations into cloud-native leaders:
1. Assess the application portfolio and identify priorities for cloud-native development
2. Build credibility by demonstrating a cloud roadmap and ability to deliver growth
3. Start small, and then scale up to develop a skilled team
4. Adapt the IT operating model to support both business agility and stability
5. Be pragmatic in selecting technologies
6. Incubate a culture of innovation, collaboration, testing and learning